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Qomolangma Biosphere Reserve

http://info.tibet.cn/en/newfeature/xzt_ayshdzf/xzt_ayshdzf_zfbj/t20070305_214775.htm

Located in Dingri, Dinggye, Nyalam and Gyirong County, Xigaze City, Tibet Autonomous Region of China, Qomolangma (also called Everest) Biosphere Reserve is one kind of Reserves to protect the extremely rare alpine ecosystems in the world. Plateau landscapes, plentiful and peculiar biodiversity, geological vestiges with magnitude scientific value as well as the Tibetan history and culture are protected here.

Qomolangma, the highest mountain in the world, and the other four snow-capped mountains, i.e. Luzi Feng, Zhuoagyuo Feng, Makalu Feng, Xixabangma Feng, are included in the Reserve. All the altitudes of those mountains are higher than 8000 m. Additionally, special geological movement leads to various natural landscapes in this Reserve, which marks this region with special values of both science and culture.

A series of integrated vegetation distribute in the south and north area of the Reserves. The humid alpine ecosystem is in the southern of the Himalayas, from the lowest elevation of 1440 m to the highest 8844 m. While the semi-arid plateau, with elevation from 3700 m to 8844 m, appears in northern region of the Himalayas. Furthermore, many non-zonal ecosystems, i.e., lake aquatic ecosystem, wetland marsh ecosystem, blowing sand ecosystem and others, are still found in the Biosphere Reserve.

The multiple ecosystems boast plentiful biodiversity in this region. According to an uncompleted statistic, there are about are about 10 national key protected plant species, such as Alcimandra cathcartii, Taxus wallichiana, Picea smithiana, Pinus roxburghill, Picrorhiza scrophulariiflora, Tetacen tronsinense and Panax Pseudoginseng; 33 national key protected animals such as Panthera uncial, Asinus Kiang, Presbytis entellus, Hemitragus jemlahicus, Tetraogallus tibetanusaguilonifer, Lophophorus impajanus and many others.

Except for the above mentioned ecosystems and biodiversity, there are many natural vestiges in this Reserve which have important values. For example, the Yaruxiongla geological profile from the Mesozoic Era to the Paleozoic Era in Nyalam County, the Tetisihai geological profile, the highest marine deposit around world in Digri County, Pazhuogangwana pteriodopyte fossil profile in Dingri, plant fossil of the Neolithic Era and glacier relics of quaternary in Nyalam, are kept in perfect conditions here. In addition, human culture and history vestiges are also common, e.g., Tufan Ancient Grave, the Rongbu Temple, the highest temple in world, the Paba Temple and the Chagadasuo Temple which was built in the 8th-9th century and the Riwu Ancient Great Wall.

Peculiar and multiple natural landscapes in Qomolangma Biosphere Reserve and surrounding areas provide plentiful resources for tourism to the whole world such as eco-tourism, mountaineering exploration and scientific investigation tourism. At present, the Biosphere Reserve has laid down "General Planning for Eco-tourism in Qomolangma Natural Reserve" and this regulation has been taken into effect recently.

The Qomolangma Biosphere Reserve has fulfilled the General Development Strategy and 1990-2000 Development Planning of Qomolangma Nature Reserve, in China based on the integrated scientific investigation since this Reserve was built in October, 1988. The delimitation of three functional areas has been completed. The corresponding reasonable management institutions also have been set up for the sake of scientific management, i.e. Qomolangma Nature Reserve Management bureau, four Management substations in four Counties, Management Stations in every Core Areas and Buffer Areas. At the same time, related laws and legislations have been expanded to local stakeholders. These laws include The People's Republic of China Forest Law, The People's Republic of China Grassland Law, Regulations in Management of Nature Reserve of the People's Republic of China, The People's Republic of China Wild Animals Law and so on. The Biosphere Reserve has laid out a series measures to prohibit from hunting, cutting and other destructive activities. Fire prevention has been paid great attention by the Biosphere Reserve.

Over the past ten years, National General Forestry Bureaus and local government have invested great amount capitals to establish the management offices, management facilities and other concerning foundations. The biosphere Reserve has built up Management Service Center Building of Biosphere Reserve under the cooperation of "New Generation Foundation" of United States. This building includes museum, information management center, tourists center and multimedia demonstration office. To strengthen its capacity, the biosphere reserve is about to start up the second infrastructure construction projects under the assistance of National General Forestry Bureaus.


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