Resettlement and railroad construction in Lhasa
[WTN-L World Tibet Network News. Published by The Canada Tibet Committee. Issue ID: 05/04/15; April 15, 2005.]
International Campaign for Tibet
A new series of photographs obtained by ICT shows the extent of construction and development in Lhasa for the new Qinghai-Tibet Autonomous Region railroad. The set of images, taken late last year, show official notices announcing the relocation of local residents in the area of Nšeu (Chinese: Liuwu) township in Toelung Dechen county (Chinese: Duilongdeqing) where the railway station is to be built, and new housing that has been built in the area.
Beijing said this week that in order to ensure construction of the railway by October, the authorities are planning an additional investment of 5.5 billion yuan ($0.6 bn), indicating the high priority of the project to the Chinese state (14 April).
The construction of the 1,118 km railway from Golmud in Qinghai to Lhasa in the TAR is an important part of the Beijing government's campaign to develop the western regions of China, including the TAR and Tibetan areas in Qinghai, Sichuan, Yunnan and Gansu provinces. The rail link and stations in Tibetan areas will facilitate increased exploitation of Tibet's mineral and natural resources and will generate both large and small-scale opportunities for employment and enterprise. The construction of the railway is intended to accelerate the integration of Tibetan areas into the national economy.
The new images provide the first confirmation that local residents in the Nšeu area, on the south bank of the Kyichu river and opposite the western area of Lhasa, will be resettled in order to make way for the new development. Land prices in the Ne'u area have been on the increase over the past few years. The resettlement is unlikely to have been voluntary, in accordance with other reports from Tibetan areas of relocations linked to urban or infrastructural development projects.
Lhasa town plans show the railway crossing the river into Lhasa, with a smaller passenger terminal on the city side of the river, about 2.5 km south of Drepung monastery. Construction of the Ne'u township terminal is likely to entail significant reclamation of land from the river's seasonal flood plain. The Chinese press has announced recently that the design for the train station at Nšeu has now been confirmed as a combination of large-scale architecture and Tibetan traditional architectureš.
The railway will approach Lhasa from the northwest, first descending from the Qinghai-Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) border to Nagchu (Ch: Naqu) and Damshung (Ch: Dangxiong), then following the Toelung River from Yangpachen through Toelung Dechen county and into west Lhasa. The latest Chinese press reports indicate that there will be trial operation of the railway in July 2006.
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